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Calculus 2

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Find the derivative of ln(x+(x^2-1)^(1/2)).

  • Calculus 2 - ,

    let y = ln [ x + (x^2 - 1)^(1/2) ]

    dy/dx = 1/(x + (x^2 - 1)^(1/2) * (1 + (1/2)(x^2 - 1)^(-1/2) (2x) )

    = 1/(x + √(x^2 - 10 ) * (1 + x/√(x^2 - 1) )
    = 1/(x + √(x^2 - 10 ) * (√(x^2 -1) + x)/√(x^2-1)
    let's multiply top and bottom by x - √(x^2 - 1) , thus rationalizing the denominator in the first part

    = 1/(x + √(x^2 - 10 ) * (√(x^2 -1) + x)/√(x^2-1) * [x - √(x^2 - 1)]/[x - √(x^2 - 1)]

    = (x^2 - x^2 + 1)/( (√x^2 - 1)(x^2 - x^2 + 1) )
    = 1/√(x^2 - 1)

    Whewww!

  • Calculus 2 - ,

    you can make things a little less complicated if you recognize that

    ln(x+√(x^2-1)) = arccosh(x)

    d/dx arccosh(x) = 1/√(x^2-1)

    Reiny's excellent work shows how it's done.

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