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Practice Sentences for French

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Can someone give me practice sentences for direct and indirect objects? I want to see if I am able to do them. Also can you give me some sentences to put in the passe compose? thanks!

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    Try to make them somewhat short

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    I sent this to our French expert, SraJMcGin.

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    I need her help extremely bad. I have a test tommorrow, and I don't really understand direct and indirect objects

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    Let's begin with Direct Objects:

    FRENCH DIRECT OBJECTS:

    If you had a good English class explaining "direct objects" you are half way there! I'm not sure if I should begin at the VERY beginning, or. . . . .

    DIRECT OBJECTS in French:
    me (m') = me
    te (t') = you, familiar & singular
    le (l') = him, it (masc. sing. object)
    la (l') = her it (any fem. sing. object)
    se (s') = himself, herself (these are reflexive pronouns which you probably have not had yet)

    nous = us
    vous = you, singular & formal or plural
    les = them (people OR things)
    se (s') = themselves (reflexive)

    PLACEMENT:

    They go BEFORE the verb of which they are the direct object (except in affirmative commands) to PLAY SAFE, but

    They go directly after the verb (in affirmative commands) and are linked to it by a hyphen (me and te change to MOI and TOI after the verb.)

    In the negative imperative (command) the object pronouns are again in front of the verb.

    If you didn't understand these when you first studied them, THAT was the time to ask! You can not cram in French. You learn one step at a time and then keep building on that.

    I don't even know what level French you are in. That would be the first thing to tell me.

    EXAMPLES:

    Je l'étudie. = I study it (or him or her)
    Nous ne la voyons pas. - We do not see h er.
    Elle va les finir. - She is going to finish them.
    Ne l'a-t-il pas lu? Hasn't he read it?
    NOTE: the verbs écouter (listen to), regarder (look at), chercher (look for), attendre (wait for) and demander (ask for) take a direct object in French (because the prepositions are part of the verb).
    Je les écoute. - I'm listening to them.
    On la cherche. - They are looking for her. (or it)

    Affirmative commands:
    Finissez-le = Finish it.
    Vendons-les. - Let's sell them.

    Negative commands:
    Ne le finissez pas. - Don't finish it.
    Ne les vendons pas. - Let's not sell them.

    Digest that first and ask any questions you have about what you still don't understand.
    Sra (aka Mme)

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    Next, Indirect Objects:

    Indirect Object Pronouns

    me (m') = me, to, for, at or from me
    te (t') = you (fam. sing), to, for, at or from you
    lui = him, to, for, at, from him
    lui = her, to, for, at, from her
    nous - us, to, for, at, from us
    vous - you (formal sing, or pl.), to, for, at, from you
    leur = them, to, for, at, from them

    PLACEMENT
    1. The indirect object pronoun is placed directly before the verb of which it is the object.
    EXAMPLES:
    Nous parlez-vous? = Are you talking to me?
    Il m'a donné la clef. - He gave me the key. (He gave the key to me.)
    Je ne lui vends pas la maison. - I'm not selling the house to her.

    2. The verbs répondre (to answer) and obéir (to obey) take an indirect object in French. (give an answer TO, give obdience TO)
    EXAMPLES:
    Il lui répond. - He answers her.
    Nous leur obéissons. - We obey them.

    AFFIRMATIVE COMMANDS:
    Parlez-moi. - Speak to me.
    Répondons-lui. - Let's answer him (or her)

    NEGATIVE COMMANDS:
    Ne me parlez pas. - Do not speak to me.
    Ne lui répondons pas. - Let's not answer them.

    1. In an affirmative command (imperative), the object pronoun is placed directly after the verb & is linked to it by a hyphen. The pronoun me is changed to moi and te to toi.

    2. In a negative command (imperative), the object pronoun is placed directly before the verb.

    Now, have you yet studied double object pronouns in the same sentence? (both a direct and an indirect in the same sentence?)

    Have you studied "y" and "en" yet?

    Sra (aka Mme)

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    I THINK I GET IT NOW. I think I was actually making it a lot harder than it was.

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    DOUBLE OBJECT PRONOUNS:

    Double object pronouns, like single object pronouns are placed directly before the verb, except in the affirmative imperative.

    ORDER OF OBJECT PRONOUNS BEFORE THE VERB:

    me > le (l') > lui > y > en + verb
    te > la (l') > leur > y > en + verb
    nous > les >
    vous >

    EXAMPLES:

    Il me les donne. - He gives them to me.
    Vous l'ont-ils dit? = Did they tell it to you?
    Ne la leur montrez pas. - Don't show it to them.
    Je lui en parlerai. - I will speak to him about it.
    Ne la leur montrez pas. - Don't show it to them.
    Je lui en parlerai. - I will speak to him about it.
    Ne l'y avez-vous pas vu? - Didn't you see him (or it) there?
    Il n'y en a pas. - There aren't any.
    NOTE: "y" and "en" follow all other object proouns.
    Memorize the following frequent combinations:
    me le
    me la
    me les
    te le
    te la le lui
    te les BUT la lui
    nous le les lui
    nous la le leur
    nous les la leur
    vous le les leur
    vous la
    vous les

    In the affirmative imperative (command), the object pronouns follow the verb and are connected to it, and to each other, by hyphens. The direct object precedes (goes "directly" in front of) the indirect object.

    ORDER OF OBJECT PRONOUNS AFTER THE VERB IN AN AFFIRMATIVE COMMAND (IMPERATIVE):

    -moi
    -lui
    -le -nous -y -en
    VERB -la -vous
    -les -leur

    EXAMPLES:
    Prêtez-les-moi. - Lend them to me.
    Dites-le-nous. - Tell it to us.
    Montrez-la-leur. - Show it to them.
    Cherchez-les-y. - Look for them there.

    NOTE: the combination moi + en = m'en
    moi + y = m'y

    EXAMPLES: Donnez-m'en . - Give me some.
    Attendez-m'y. - Wait for me there.

    Now, do you STILL need practice sentences?

    The next and last will be the passé composé. Have you had BOTH with avoir and with être?

    Sra (aka Mme)

  • Practice Sentences for French - ,

    Le passé composé:

    The passé composé is composed of either the auxiliary/helping verb avoir or être in the Present Tense plus the past participle. The endings of the past participle of regular verbs are "é" for -er verbs, "i" for -ir verbs and "u" for -re verbs. There are, however, irregular verbs and I'll be happy to give you a list when you are ready for that. (parler = parlé / finir = fini / répondre = répondu)

    Sixteen verbs are conjugated with être and when you are ready, I'll give you a list. Essentially they are verbs of "coming and going" and when you study l'imparfait, no doubt you will meet "Dr & Mrs Vandertramp" plus "The House of être."

    There is agreement of the past participle. With verbs that use être, it agrees with the subject and with verbs that use avoir, it agrees with the PRECEDING direct object.

    I certainly don't want to give you more than you need, so please tell me exactly what you need.

    Sra (aka Mme)

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