Posted by bobby on Friday, September 21, 2012 at 8:33pm.
the y-intercept of y = e^(5x) is (0,1)
and y = e^(5x) intersects x = 0.8 at (.8 , 54.598)
so I made a sketch , and I am looking at a region made up of a rectangle topped by a another region resembling a triangle.
the volume of the cylinder with radius .8 and height 54.598 is
V = π(.8)^2 ( 54.598) = appr. 109.776
we now have to hollow-out the part which is not part of the solid, and we have to solve y = e^(5x) for x
y = e^(5x)
ln y = 5x
x = (1/5)lny
so the volume of the triangular - looking region
= π∫(1/25) (lny)^2 dy from 1 to 54.598
At this point I must admit that I "cheated" and used Wolfram to find the integral
http://integrals.wolfram.com/index.jsp?expr=%28ln%28x%29%29%5E2&random=false
= (1/25)π [ y(ln y)^2 - 2y ln y + 2y ] from 1 to 54.598
= ...
I got appr. 68.358
so that would give us a volume of 109.776 - 68.358 = 41.42
You better check my arithmetic, I would suggest you differentiate my integral to make sure you get (1/25) (ln y)^2
(just do the y(ln y)^2 - 2y ln y + 2y part)
or, if you like to use shells, you have
v = integral [0,0.8] 2πrh dx
where r = x h = y = e^(5x)
v = 2π integral[0,0.8] xe^)5x) dx
= 1/25 e^(5x) (5x-1)
= 41.417
Hmmm. using washers, I get
v = π*.64*1 + integral[1,e^4] π (R^2-r^2) dy
where R = .8 and r = 1/5 ln y
v = .64π + π integral[1,e^4] (.64 - 1/25 ln^2(y)) dy
= .64π + 12.544π = 13.184π = 41.418
Agrees with shells, and Reiny. :-)