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May 5, 2016

Homework Help: chemistry

Posted by Wiped Out on Friday, September 14, 2012 at 9:18pm.

What is the mole ratio of benzene (C6H6) to n-octane in the vapor above a solution of 15.0% benzene and 85.0% n-octane by mass at 25 degrees Celcius? the vapor pressures of n-octane and benzene are 11 torr and 95 torr.
• chemistry - DrBob222, Friday, September 14, 2012 at 9:47pm

15% benzene means 15g benzene/(15g benzene + 85 g octane).
15/molar mass benzene = mols benzene.
85/molar mass octane = mols octane.

Calculate Xbenzene
Calculate Xoctane.
Then pBen = XBen*Pobenzene
and pOct = XOct*Pooctane

Then Ptotal = Pbenzene + Poctane

• chemistry - Wiped Out, Friday, September 14, 2012 at 10:25pm

here is what I did (check my work, because something isnt right):

15g C6H6/78.12gC6H6 = .19 mol C6H6
85g C8H18/114.26g C8H18= .74 mol C8H18

X-benzene: .19/.93= .204
X-octane: .74/.93= .796

pBen: .204*95=19.38
pOctane: .796*11=8.756

19.38+ 8.756= 28.136

• chemistry - DrBob222, Friday, September 14, 2012 at 10:38pm

That looks ok to me. You haven't been consistent with significant figures. If your database and prof are picky about that you need to go through and make some changes.

• chemistry - Wiped Out, Saturday, September 15, 2012 at 10:30am

The database said the answer was 2.23 ??

• chemistry - DrBob222, Saturday, September 15, 2012 at 2:54pm

That' because you and I didn't finish the question. Go back and look at the problem. It asks for the benzene/octane RATIO. So take pbenzene/poctane. Using your numbers that is 19.38/8.756 = 2.21 and I suspect the difference (2.21 vs 2.23) is one of significant figures through the computation.