Sociology
posted by Tammy on .
When a parent gives a child a timeout for misbehavior, the parent is using what type of sanction?
a) Positive formal
b) Positive informal
c) Negative formal
d) Negative informal
I'm thinking either (b) or (d)

Which is it? Negative or positive?

negative?

Yes, time outs are negative reinforcements.
Are you sure its informal and not formal? How does your book distinguish between these? 
Positive Negative
Informal Smile, Frown,
pat on the back criticize,
push away
Formal Prize, Get fired,
medal, ceremony jail,
death penalty 
Thanks. It looks like a time out is a negative formal reinforcement.

Positive informal  Smile, pat on the back
Negative informal  Frown, criticize, push away
Positive formal  Prize, medal, ceremony
Negative formal  Get fired, jail, death penalty