posted by Noah on .
A 0.67 kg rock is projected from the edge of
the top of a building with an initial velocity of
11.6 m/s at an angle 52
above the horizontal.
Due to gravity, the rock strikes the ground at
a horizontal distance of 19.5 m from the base
of the building.
How tall is the building? Assume the
ground is level and that the side of the building is vertical. The acceleration of gravity is
Answer in units of m
Upward motion of projectile to the top point
The height of this point is
hₒ= vₒ²•sin²α/2g = 11.6²•sin²52/2•9.8 = 4.26 m.
horizontal displacement is
L1 = vₒ²•sin2 α/2g=6.6 m.
Downward motion with horizontal velocity
v(x) = vₒ•cosα =11.6•cos52=7.14 m/s.
The horizontal displacement at this motion is
L2 = L-L1 =19.5-6.66=12.84 m.
The time of the motion is
t=L2/v(x) = 12.84/7.14 = 1.79 s.
The vertical displacement is
H=gt²/2 =9.8•1.79²/2 = 15.74 m.
The height of the building is
h=H-hₒ17.74-4.26 = 11.48 m.