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March 26, 2017

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How would you prepare a 25.0% water in ethyl alcohol solution using 100.0 ml of ethyl alcohol (The density of ethyl alcohol is 0.7893 g/ml)

  • Chemistry - ,

    Is that 25.0% w/w H2O in ethanol? I will assume so.
    Assuming water and alcohol volumes are additive (actually they do not)
    100 mL ethanol has a mass of m = v*d = 100 x 0.789 = 78.9g ethanol.
    Since % is g/100 g soln, that will be
    (x/78.9 EtOH + 21.1 H2O) = 0.25
    Therefore, x = 0.25g H2O.
    We mix 0.25g H2O in 100 mL H2O and we will have 25%.
    [0.25g H2O/(100 g soln)]*100 = 25% w/w.

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