Posted by Jon on Monday, July 30, 2012 at 11:10am.
What is the smallest number n such that n! ends in at least 1000 zeros in base 10 notation

math  Steve, Monday, July 30, 2012 at 11:52am
you need 10 to be a factor 100 times.
That means you need 2^100 and 5^100 to be factors.
If [n] is the greatest integer <= n,
n! has 5 as a factor [n/5]+[n/25]+[n/125]+... times.
So, solve [n/5]+[n/25]+[n/125]+[n/625]+[n/3125] = 1000.
if n=4005,
[4005/5]+[4005/25]+[4005/125]+[4005/625]+[4005/3125]
= 801+160+32+6+1 = 1000
Naturally, 2 occurs as a factor many more times than this, so 4005! is the first factorial to end in 1000 zeros.
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