The disaster was (in advance, in a measure, in force) due to a confusion as to authority which arose among the heads of various departments.
(Which expression in the parentheses is right?)
English - Writeacher, Saturday, July 21, 2012 at 9:06am
"in a measure" would fit, but this is a very wordy sentence! Better would be this:
The disaster was caused by confusion about authority, which rose among the different department heads.