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Posted by on Monday, July 16, 2012 at 4:50am.

What fraction of the original activity of a radioactive substance will remain at the end of half-life?

  • Science - , Monday, July 16, 2012 at 6:07am

    Half-life T is the time during which the number of decaying species decreases by half
    Decay Law
    N=Nₒ•exp(-λ•t)
    Decay constant
    λ=ln2/T.
    Half-life T is the time during which the number of decaying species decreases by half
    If t=T, then
    N= Nₒ•exp(-λ•T)= Nₒ•exp(-ln2•T /t)= Nₒ•exp(-ln2)=0.5•Nₒ.

    Activity of a given amount of radioactive material is calculated as the decay constant  (related to the half-life T) multiplied by the number of radioactive nuclei
    A=λ•N, Aₒ=λ•Nₒ.

    A=Aₒ exp(-λ•T) =>
    λ•N= λ•Nₒ • exp(-λ•T).
    A=Aₒ/2.

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