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A 80 kg skier grips a moving rope that is powered by an engine and is pulled at constant speed to the top of a 25 degree hill. The skier is pulled a distance x = 230m along the incline and it takes 2.3 min to reach the top of the hill. If the coefficient of kinetic friction between the snow and skis is mu_k = 0.15, what horsepower engine is required if 30 such skiers (max) are on the rope at one time?

  • Physics - ,

    Since the skier is pulled at a constant speed, the pulling force (for one skier)is given by:

    F = m*g[sin theta + mu_k*cos theta]
    = 80*10[sin25+0.15*cos25]
    = 446.8N (along the incline upwards)

    Work done by F in moving distance of 230m:
    W=F*x = 446.8*230 =102,776 Joules
    Power reqd for this work:
    P= W/time = 102,776J/138s = 745 watts = 1HP(approx.)
    So for 30 skiers, engine power required = 30HP

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