February 28, 2017

Homework Help: English

Posted by Matthew on Monday, April 9, 2012 at 5:31am.

Writeacher, I hope you can help me clarify the following sentences.
I can't understand the relation between the knights and the barons.

1) Henry II was successful in bringing 3)order and stability. To avoid civil wars, he needed to reduce the power of the barons and wanted professional soldiers (mercenaries) to do this. (I can't understand this).
2) Many knights did not want to leave their farms for long military campaigns, so they were happy to pay a tax called scutage instead of giving military service themselves.
3) Henry II sent out judges who gave 'royal justice' as they travelled round the country.
4)This system of law became known as Common Law since it was used everywhere by travelling judges. This was based on custom, comparisons of previous cases and previous decisions.
5) This mixture of experience and custom is the basis of law in England even today.
6) He also set up rules for the purpose of controlling the clergy, which became known as the Constitutions of Clarendon (1164). According to them the king claimed authority in choosing the bishops.
7) Furthermore, clergymen who committed serious crimes were to be tried by a civil coourt as well as an ecclesiastical one.

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