Posted by **Lynnn** on Sunday, April 8, 2012 at 6:08pm.

Consider line segments which are tangent to a point on the right half (x>0) of the curve y = x^2+7 and connect the tangent point to the x-axis. If the tangent point is close to the y-axis, the line segment is long. If the tangent point is far from the y-axis, the line segment is also very long. Which tangent point has the shortest line segment?

(Suppose C is a positive number. What point on the curve has first coordinate equal to C?)

- Calculus -
**Steve**, Monday, April 9, 2012 at 10:53am
answer to C question at the end: If 1st coordinate (x-value) is C, the 2nd coordinate (y-value) is C^2+7.

Now, for the other question:

At (x,y), the slope of the tangent line is

dy/dx = 2x

So, now we have a point (a,a^2+7) and a slope (2a).

The equation of the tangent line where x=a is thus

y-(a^2+7) = 2a (x-a)

y = 2ax - 2a^2 + a^2+7

y = 2ax - a^2 + 7

This line intersects the x-axis where

0 = 2ax - a^2 + 7

x = (a^2-7)/2a

So, the length of the line segment from (a,a^2+7) to (0,(a^2-7)/2a) is

d^2 = (a - (a^2-7)/2a)^2 + (a^2+7)^2

or

d = 1/2a (a^2 + 7) sqrt(4a^2 + 1)

dd/da = (8a^4 + a^2 - 7)/[2a^2 sqrt(4a^2+1)]

dd/da = 0 when x = ±√(7/8) = ±0.935

d = 8.929

## Answer this Question

## Related Questions

- calculus - Consider line segments which are tangent to a point on the right half...
- calculus - Consider line segments which are tangent to a point on the right half...
- calculus - Consider the curve defined by 2y^3+6X^2(y)- 12x^2 +6y=1 . a. Show ...
- Calc AB - Suppose that f(x) is an invertible function (that is, has an inverse ...
- Calc. - Find the area of the region bounded by the parabola y=x^2, the tangent ...
- Calculus - at what point is the tangent to f(x)=x^2+4x-1 horizontal? That would ...
- Calculus - Find an equation of the tangent line to the curve at the given point...
- Calculus- Tangent Line - What is the slope of the tangent line to the curve at ...
- Calculus - Damon - Find the line which passes through the point (0, 1/4) and is ...
- AP AB Calculus - Linear approximation: Consider the curve defined by -8x^2 + 5xy...

More Related Questions