Posted by **Lucy** on Tuesday, April 3, 2012 at 1:00am.

Starting out with 50 mL of 0.20 M NaHCO3, calculate how many mL of 0.50 M NaOH solution to add to make 100 mL of approximately 0.10 M (total) buffer solution with a pH of 10.35. By adding NaOH, some of the NaHCO3 gets converted to the conjugate Na2CO3. This conjugate acid/base pair has an effective pKa of 10.00. Calculate mL of 0.50 M NaOH needed from the following calculations:

10.35-pK =log[(mol CO3^2-)/(mol HCO3^-)]

There is initially Na2CO3 present in the 50 mL of 0.20 M NaHCO3 solution. By adding some NaOH, you will create some Na2CO2 in the solution and also decrease the mol of NaHCO2. In fact, mol NaOH added = mol Na CO in buffer solution. Therefore,

10^(10.35−𝑝𝐾𝑎)= [(mol NaOH added)/(0.20 M×0.050 L−mol NaOH added)]

Solve for mol NaOH added in the above equation. Then, use the concentration of the NaOH (0.50 mol/L) to calculate the calculate the mL of NaOH necessary to prepare the buffersolution.

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