Posted by maura on Thursday, March 29, 2012 at 12:12am.
I keep getting wrong answers for this question.
Determine the pH of an HF solution of each of the following concentrations.
a) .280 M
b) 5.3*10^2 M
c) 2.50*10^2 M
No Ka has been given. I haven't attempted b or c yet because I want to at least solve a first. So far I got a answer of 3.75 and 1.88 and both are incorrect. I think I know how to solve for this. Using Ka and approximations. I just don't understand where I am going wrong. Thanks in advance!

chemistry  DrBob222, Thursday, March 29, 2012 at 12:17am
These can't be solved with a Ka value. Why don't you post your work for a and let me look at it. I'm sure I'll see immediately what is going on.

chemistry  maura, Thursday, March 29, 2012 at 12:24am
Oh okay I thought you used Ka to solve these. That's what I'm doing wrong. I tried looking up the Ka for HF and multiplying it to .280 then take the log of that number. The reason why I had to different numbers is because I found two different Ka's. If I can't use Ka do I just take the log of .280?

chemistry  DrBob222, Thursday, March 29, 2012 at 7:46pm
First I made a typo with my response. You certainly DO need Ka and that's the only way you can do it. I just didn't type in with instead of without.
My text hqas 7.2E4 for HF.
...........HF ==> H^+ + F^
initial.0.280.....0.....0
change....x......x.....x
equil....0.280x...x....x
Ka = 7.2E4 = (x)(x)/(0.280x)
Solve for x and convert to pH.
Probably you can get by without a quadratic equation for the 0.280but it may take one for the others, especially the very weak one.
Using this value I get 1.85 for the pH of the 0.280 M soln. Your text may give a different value for Ka.

chemistry  Jake, Sunday, March 20, 2016 at 5:03pm
the pH is NOT 1.85
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