March 25, 2017

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The following system is at equilibrium,at 699K in a 5L container.

H2(g)+I2(g)--->2HI(g) Kc = 54.9

Initially,the system had 2.50 moles of HI.What is the moles of H2 at equilibrium?

Can Dr.Bob check if my steps are correct?
My solution:

Initially,the concentrations of H2 & I2 are 0,whereas concentration of H1 is 2.50mol/5L = 0.50 mol/L .At equilibrium,the concentrations of H2 & I2 are assumed to be x,whereas concentration of HI is 0.50-2x

Using equlibrium constant equation with respect to concentration,
Kc = [HI]^2/[H2][I2]

54.9 = (0.50-2x)^2/x.x
Since 2x is assumed to be negligible,therefore the equation above further simplified to :

54.9 = (0.50)^2/x.x
x^2 = (0.50)^2/54.9
x = 0.06748 mol/L = [H2] = [12]

Therefore moles of H2 at equilibrium is
0.06748 mol/L X 5L = 0.337 mol
Is my steps and answer correct? Thank you in advance

  • Chemistry - ,

    The set up looks good but you can't neglect the 2x. I ran through it quickly and obtained 0.266 for mols H2 by solving the quadratic.

  • Chemistry - ,

    But why I can't ignore the 2x? Could Dr.Bob please explain?

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