Posted by **Heather** on Saturday, March 24, 2012 at 12:09am.

I need to calculate the voltage through the resistor and the voltage through the inductor of an RL series circuit for different frequencies. The voltage of the source is 2.5 V. The inductor is at the top and has an inductance of .200 H and the resistor is at the right with a resistance of 5.1 kilo ohms.

To calculate VR and VL I was going to use VR=Z2/(Z2+Z1) and VL=Z1/(Z2+Z1).

I read that Z for the resistor is equal to R and i dont know what Z for the inductor is. i know that the total Z is sqrt(R^2+w^2L^2) so i dont know if Z for the inductor (or Z1) will be Ztot-ZR.

I want to know if I'm approaching this correctly. What I did for VL when the frequency was 1000 Hz was:

Z2= Ztot-Z1

Z2=3.91

VL= Z2/(Z1+Z2)=1.92 mV.

Am I doing this correctly?

How can the angles for Vr be calculated?

- Circuits -
**Henry**, Sunday, March 25, 2012 at 8:19pm
The current flows THROUGH the resistor.

The voltage is ACROSS the resistor.

R = 5.1k Ohms = 5100 Ohms.

L = 0.20 H.

Xl = 2pi*F*L = 6.28 * 1000 * 0.20 = 1256 Ohms = = The inductive reactance.

Z = R + jXl = sqrt(R^2+Xl^2)=The circuit impedance.

Z = sqrt((5100)^2+(1256)^2)=5,252 Ohms.

I = V/Z = 2.5 / 5252 = 4.76*10^-4 Amps.

VR = I*R = 4.76*10^-4 * 5100 = 2.43 Volts.

VL = I*Xl = 4.76*10^-4 * 1256 = 0.598

Volts.

CHECK: E = sqrt(VR^2+VL^2).

E=sqrt((2.43)^2+(0.598)^2)=2.50 Volts.

NOTE: We calculated the vector sum of VR and VL.

Phase Shift Angle:

tanA = Xi/R = 1256 / 5100 = 0.24627.

A = 13.84 Deg.

## Answer this Question

## Related Questions

- Circuits - I need to calculate the voltage through the resistor and the voltage...
- Physics circuit help please! - Hi all. I posted earlier but I'm still stuck on ...
- Physics help please! - Hi all. I posted earlier but I'm still stuck on part of ...
- Circuits - I have to calculate the voltage across the resistor of an rlc circuit...
- physics, help with circuits please! - Can the voltage across any of the three ...
- Physics, help please! - Can the voltage across any of the three components in ...
- Physics 112 - A battery is connected in series with a R = 0.26 Ω resistor ...
- physics. - resistors of 30 ohms and 60 ohms are connected in parallel and joined...
- physics - A resistor (R = 900 ), a capacitor (C = 0.25 µF), and an inductor (L...
- Physics - Could some one tell m if this is right? 1)Does currend flow through a ...

More Related Questions