February 19, 2017

Homework Help: critical thinking test AU

Posted by jack on Monday, March 12, 2012 at 2:10pm.

1. Question :

The average height of members of the high school basketball team is six feet, three inches. Jerry is on the high school basketball team, so Jerry must be taller than six feet. The argument above is flawed because it confuses:
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT an average for the individuals that make up that average.

2. Question :

Reporter: A new campaign finance reform bill being considered by Congress would limit the amount of campaign contributions that political candidates can receive. However, a survey of candidates running for mayor, governor, and senate seats shows that not one of them favors the bill. Clearly, there is no desire among politicians to limit campaign contributions.
Which one of the following points out the flaw in the reporter’s argument above?
Student Answer: 4 CORRECT The views of candidates currently running for office do not necessarily represent the views of all politicians.

3. Question :

People have claimed that Jamie’s paintings have given them the blues. Clearly this cannot be entirely correct, since many of Jamie’s paintings contain no blue at all. The argument above is flawed because the author:
student answer: 3
CORRECT misinterprets a key term.

4. Question :

A recent study of 100 employees from six departments of a major corporation found 65% to be sleep deprived. The researchers concluded that the majority of corporate employees are sleep deprived. The researcher’s conclusion is suspect because it:
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT relies on a sample that is too small to represent the entire corporate workforce.

5. Question :

Mrs. Orlof teaches two history classes, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Yesterday she gave the same test to both classes. Anyone who failed the test must take a retest. Since a greater percentage of students who took the morning test failed the test than students who took the afternoon test, more of Orlof’s morning history students than afternoon history students will have to take the retest. The conclusion above is not necessarily valid because:
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT more students may have taken the test in the afternoon than in the morning.

6. Question :

Since Jessica’s participation in local politics increased significantly after she joined her school’s political science club, it is clear that her involvement in that club led her to take an interest in politics. The argument above is flawed because:
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT it’s possible that an interest in politics caused Jessica to join the political science club.

7. Question :

Career counselor: It is best for artists to build a practical and safe career that will guarantee them a secure income, and then pursue their art in their spare time. That way, they will be motivated to work hard at their day jobs to support their art making, and both their career and their art will thrive.
Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the argument?
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT Splitting time between two pursuits in life often causes both to suffer.

8. Question :

The untimely death of Professor Hathaway halted his groundbreaking research into the uses of solar power. It therefore appears that Hathaway’s research will not result in practical applications.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
Student Answer: 1
CORRECT Professor Hathaway’s research can be used by other scientists to create useful applications.

9. Question :

Aron: The two double A batteries in my CD player are dead, so the CD player doesn’t work. My television remote control, which also uses two double A batteries, works fine. So if I move the two batteries from my television remote control to my CD player, the CD player will definitely work. Aron’s argument is most strengthened if which one of the following is true?
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT The amount of energy required to power the CD player is not greater than the amount of energy needed to power the television remote control.

10. Question :

As part of its reorganization, company X created five new positions within the company. However, after the reorganization was complete, company X had fewer employees than before the reorganization.
Which one of the following, if true, would best explain the result described above?
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT Some employees were laid off as a number of old positions were eliminated in the reorganization.

11. Question :

Last season at City Opera House, far more people attended opera X than opera Y. However, opera Y generated far greater net profits for City Opera House than did opera X.
Each of the following could directly explain the result indicated above EXCEPT:
Student Answer: 3
CORRECT a difference in the subject matters of operas X and Y.
a difference in the merchandise sales associated with operas X and Y.

12. Question :

Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
building : blueprint
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT cake : recipe

13. Question :

Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
conductor : orchestra
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT director : cast

14. Question :

Choose the pair of words/phrases among the choices that exhibits the same logical relationship as the words/phrases in the following pair.
heavy : weight
Student Answer: 3 CORRECT hot : temperature

15. Question :

Barney: Last winter, I slipped on the outside stairs of PineTree Café and broke my leg. My fall was caused by ice on the stairs that the restaurant failed to remove. Since the restaurant clearly did not provide a safe atmosphere for its customers, I am justified in taking it to court.

Lydia: Unwarranted lawsuits are sweeping the country—lawsuits that have no legal merit and are brought simply to make lawyers and their clients rich. If this trend continues, soon our legal system will be swamped to the point where it won’t be able to administer justice to people who truly deserve it. You therefore should drop your case against PineTree Café.

The speakers above appear to disagree on which one of the following points?
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT Barney’s lawsuit against Pinetree Café is unwarranted.

16. Question :

Arthur: The solutions to most mystery novels I read are not believable. However, my enjoyment of a mystery novel depends only on its suspenseful mood and colorful characters.

Norton: Roughly 80% of the mystery novels I read have believable solutions, which is good since I do not enjoy mystery novels that don’t have believable solutions.

The speakers above:
Student Answer: 3 CORRECT disagree on whether a believable solution is required for the enjoyment of a mystery novel.

17. Question :

Some drugs combat obesity or alcohol addiction by turning off pleasure centers in the brain. However, if the dosage is too high, there’s a risk that people taking them will be plunged into depression.

The statements above, if true, support which one of the following assertions?
Student Answer: 3
CORRECT The benefits of a medication may be at least somewhat offset by its side effects.

18. Question :

The higher the price of an antique, the greater people’s expectation that the object is rare. That, in turn, makes the antique appear more valuable.

If the statements above are correct, then offering an antique for sale at a bargain price:
Student Answer: 4 CORRECT should be discouraged because it lessens a quality that makes that antique desirable.

19. Question :

Only circus animals with a clean bill of health will perform in today’s exhibition. A monkey, a poodle, and a horse will perform in today’s exhibition. No circus animals with a clean bill of health were prescribed medications this week.

If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true on the basis of them?
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT Neither the monkey nor the horse performing in today’s circus exhibition were prescribed medications this week.

20. Question :

Detective: The robbery at the mall was carried out by a mall employee acting alone roughly one hour after the mall closed last Saturday night. The only employees present at the mall at the time of the robbery were security guards Evans and Clark. Since the mall’s surveillance system was disabled by the thief just before the robbery, the thief must be Evans.

The argument above would be valid if:
Student Answer: 1 CORRECT Clark is incapable of disabling the mall’s surveillance system.

21. Question :

The president spoke to 19 congressmen from Texas to encourage them to vote for a bill. Since 4 of the 19 congressmen went on to vote for the bill, it is clear that the president persuaded those four to vote the way they did.

The argument above assumes that:
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT the four Texas congressmen who voted for the bill were against it before they spoke to the president.

22. Question :

A company can either invest in employee training seminars or update its computer network. Since updating the computer network would result in more measurable benefits, the company would be best off updating its computer network.

The argument above assumes that:
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT the more measurable a benefit, the greater value that benefit has to a company.
23. Question :

The very large increase in allergies over the last thirty years is due to the great success of immunizations administered over this time period. Since immunizations have nearly eliminated life-threatening diseases such as polio, the human immune system increasingly targets other environmental substances in order to keep working properly. Allergy symptoms such as runny nose and itchy eyes result when the immune system attacks pollen that is breathed in from the air.

Which one of the following best expresses the main point of the passage above?
Student Answer: 4
CORRECT The use of immunizations has led to an increase in allergies.

24. Question :

Whereas many industries suffer during economic recessions, the art industry does well. Some think the reason is that artists feed off the anxiety and uncertainty during recessions to produce inspired works. Others think that recessions, while harmful to most people, produce a handful of very rich people willing to pay very high prices for artworks, driving up the value of the art market as a whole.

The author of the passage above is primarily interested in:
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT presenting reasons for why the art industry does well during recessions.

25. Question :

Sometimes people get caught in a “downward spiral,” a case in which something leads to a result which in turn leads to more of the original thing, bringing on more of the result. As the process continues, the result continually gets worse and worse. An example is when people turn to binge eating when depressed, which causes them to put on weight and feel unhealthy, which then makes them more depressed, leading to more overeating, and so on.

The author is mainly concerned with:
Student Answer: 2
CORRECT explaining the process of the “downward spiral.”

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