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November 26, 2014

November 26, 2014

Posted by **Anonymous** on Thursday, March 1, 2012 at 11:43pm.

- ap -
**Bosnian**, Friday, March 2, 2012 at 1:55amAn arithmetic progression (A.P) or arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers such that the difference between the consecutive terms is constant.

If the initial term of an arithmetic progression is a1 and the common difference of successive members is d, then the nth term of the sequence is given by:

a n = a 1 + ( n - 1 ) d

a 1 = first term

In this case:

a 5 = 30

a 1 + ( 5 - 1 ) d = 30

a 1 + 4 d = 30

a 1 = 30 - 4 d

a 12 = 65

a 1 + ( 12 - 1 ) d = 65

a 1 + 11 d = 65

30 - 4 d + 11 d = 65

30 + 7 d = 65

7 d = 65 - 30

7 d = 35 Divide both sides by 7

d = 35 / 7

d = 5

a 1 = 30 - 4 d

a 1 = 30 - 4 * 5

a 1 = 30 - 20

a 1 = 10

The sum S of the first n values of a finite sequence is given by the formula:

S n = ( n / 2 ) * [ 2 a 1 + ( n - 1 ) d ]

In tis case :

a 1 = 10

d = 5

n = 20

S 20 = ( 20 / 2 ) * [ 2 * 10 + ( 20 - 1 ) 5 ]

S 20 = 10 * ( 20 + 19 * 5 )

S 20 = 10 * ( 20 + 95 )

S 20 = 10 * 115

S 20 = 1150

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