posted by Henry2 on .
Writeacher, I need your help to improve the questions below. I included part of the answers to make sense of the questions. Students should be able to develop their answers by writing ten-line paragraphs.
1) Describe the details of Winston Smith's life as they appear in the opening to George Orwell's 1984? The question is not complete. (I want students to describe him in detail with reference to the place where he lives, the instrument used by the party to monitor his life, his job within the party.)
2) What is doublethink? Who wants Winston to doublethink? What are the three slogans of the Party Winston can read from his apartment? Explain how Winston’s personality changes by referring to the end of the novel.
(I think I should write two different questions).
3) From his place Winston can read the three slogans of the Party: War is peace; freedom is slavery; ignorance is strength. Each of these is contradictory to what we normally believe. The slogans are analyzed in Goldstein’s book and embody the party. 4) For instance, through constant war, the Party can keep domestic peace; when freedom exists, the people are enslaved to it; and the ignorance of the people is the strength of the Party. This type of misuse of language is called doublethink.
5) One consequence of doublethink is that the Party can rewrite history with impunity, for “The Party is never wrong.” The keyword of doublethink is blackwhite.
6) Like many Newspeak words, this word has two mutually contradictory meanings. Applied to an opponent, it means the habit of impudently claiming that black is white. Applied to a Party member, it means a willingness and ability to believe that black is white, forgetting that one has ever believed the contrary. This demands a continuous alteration of the past.
7) At the end of the novel Winston is caught reading Goldstein’s book (the book against the Party) by the Thoughtpolice. He and his fiancé Julia are arrested and Winston is sent in a prison cell in the Ministry of Love. O’Brien, an important member of the Inner Party, admits that he wrote a large part of Goldstein’s book (the book against the Party) and that the Party only wants power.
8) However, he sends Winston to Room 101 where rats, the thing that Winston most fears, are waiting to eat him. Finally, he begs O’Brien to kill Julia rather than himself and so betrays her. O’Brien (who wanted Winston to doublethink) succeeds in having Winston doublethink.
9) Later, he is freed and meet Julia again. At the very end of the novel they both realize they have been changed and no longer love each other. Winston’s ability to think independently or to think genuine emotion is completely eroded – he loves Big Brother.