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after passing therough a material t centimeters thick, the intensity I(t) of a light beam is given by I(t) =(4^-ct)Io, where Io is the initial intensity and c is a constant called the absorption factor. Ocean water absorbs light with an absorption factor of c= .0101. at what depth will a beam of light be reduced to 50% of its initial intensity? 2% of its initial intensity?

  • math - ,

    I will do the last part
    to have only 2% of the intensity left,
    l(t) = .02

    .02 = 4^(-.0101t) (1)
    ln .02 = -.0101t ln4
    -.0101t = ln .02 /ln4 = -2.821928
    t = -2.821928/-.0101 = 279.4

    for the 50% question , set the left side equal to .5

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