Thursday

April 24, 2014

April 24, 2014

Posted by **Debbie** on Monday, February 20, 2012 at 11:17am.

Hint: Pay attention to the units of measure. You may have to convert from feet to miles several times in this assignment. You can use 1 mile = 5,280 feet for your conversions.

1. Many people know that the weight of an object varies on different planets, but did you know that the weight of an object on Earth also varies according to the elevation of the object? In particular, the weight of an object follows this equation: , where C is a constant, and r is the distance that the object is from the center of Earth.

a. Solve the equation w=cr^-2 for r.

w = Cr^-2,

w/C = r^-2

w/C = 1/r^2

(w/C)^2 = 1/r

r = 1/(w/C)^2

b. Suppose that an object is 100 pounds when it is at sea level. Find the value of C that makes the equation true. (Sea level is 3,963 miles from the center of the Earth.)

100 = C(3,963)^-2

100 = C(62.950)

C = 100 / 62.95

C = 1.58

c. Use the value of C you found in the previous question to determine how much the object would weigh in

i. Death Valley (282 feet below sea level).

5280 feet = 1 mile

282 feet = 282 / 5280 = 0.053 miles

Therefore r = 3,963 - 0.053 = 3962.94 miles

Since C = 1.58, therefore

w = 1.58(3962.94)^-2

w = 1.58(62.95)

w = 99.46 pounds

ii. the top of Mount McKinley (20,320 feet above sea level).

5280 feet = 1 mile

20,320 feet = 20,320 / 5280 = 3.84 miles

Therefore r = 3963 + 3.84 = 3966.84 miles

Since C = 1.58, therefore

w = 1.58(3966.84)^-2

w = 1.58(62.98)

w = 99.50 pounds

2. The equation gives the distance, D, in miles that a person can see to the horizon from a height, h, in feet.

a. Solve this equation for h.

H=(D/1.2)^2

H=D^2/1.44

b. Long’s Peak in Rocky Mountain National Park, is 14,255 feet in elevation. How far can you see to the horizon from the top of Long’s Peak? Can you see Cheyenne, Wyoming (about 89 miles away)? Explain your answer.

14,255=D^2/1.44

D^2=14,525*1.44

D^2=20,916

D=144.62

Yes Cheyenne, Wyoming can be seen because 89 miles is less than the 144.6

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