Posted by sara on Wednesday, February 15, 2012 at 5:42pm.
Assume that the Earth is spherical and recall that latitudes range from 0° at the Equator to 90° N at the North Pole. Consider Dubuque, Iowa (42.50° N latitude), and Guatemala City (14.62° N latitude). The two cities lie on approximately the same longitude. Do not neglect the curvature of the Earth in determining the following.
If one could burrow through the Earth and dig a straightline tunnel from Dubuque to Guatemala City, how long would the tunnel be?
>I know the answer for above and it is
3072992.8 m..i need help with part b
b)From the point of view of the digger, at what angle below the horizontal would the tunnel be directed?

physics  drwls, Wednesday, February 15, 2012 at 7:47pm
If the tunnel length is L and the Earth radius is R, the angle below horizontal is
arcsin [L/(2R)]
Prove it to yourself by drawing a circular arc and a straight line between the two cities, with the center of the Earth as the center of the arc. A line from the center of the Earth to the center of the straight line (tunnel) forms a right triangle with hypotenuse R, angle A at the Earth center, and one side equal to L/2.
A = arcsin [L/(2R)]
Look up R. It is about 6.4*10^6 m
I get about 29 degrees. .

physics  sara, Thursday, February 16, 2012 at 12:23pm
for L, are you using the answer from part a?? when i use that i get around 14 degrees
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