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April 16, 2014

April 16, 2014

Posted by **aa** on Thursday, February 9, 2012 at 6:05am.

- physics -
**Elena**, Thursday, February 9, 2012 at 6:33amFor each cylinder

mgh=(mv^2)/2+(Iω^2)/2 =(mv^2)/2+(Iv^2)/2R^2.

For hallow cylinder the moment of inertia is I=mR^2, and for solid cylinder I=(mR^2)/2.

Therefore, the velocities at the bottom are

- for hallow cylinder v=sqroot(gh),

- for solid cylinder v=sqroot(1.33gh).

The solid cylinder will be first.

- physics -
**drwls**, Thursday, February 9, 2012 at 6:44amA solid cylinder rolls faster, because a smaller fraction of the available potential energy gets converted to rotational kinetic energy. That leaves more energy available for forward motion.

This is true even if the masses and radii are different.

For a solid cylinder that has rolled doownhill a vertical distance H,

M g H = (M/2)V^2 + (1/2) I w^2

= (M/2)V^2 + (1/2)(M*R^2/2)(V/R)^2

= (M/2)V^2 + (M/4)V^2

V^2 = (4/3) g H

For a hollow thin-walled cylinder,

M g H = (M/2) V^2 + (M/2)V^2 = M V^2

V^2 = g H

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