Posted by erika on Saturday, February 4, 2012 at 11:24am.
a steamboat travels 9 miles up a river in 3 hours and returns the same distance down the river in 2 hours. find the speed of the boat in still water and the rate of the current.
- algebra - Reiny, Saturday, February 4, 2012 at 11:31am
speed of boat in still water --- x mph
speed of current --- y mph
distance up river = time (rate) = 3(x-y) = 9
3x-3y = 9
distance down river = 2(x+y) = 9
multiply first by 2
2x-2y = 6
2x+2y = 9
4x = 15
x = 15/4 = 3.75 mph
then in x-y = 3
3.75-y = 3
y = .75 mph
the boat has a speed of 3.75 mph in still water, and
the current has a speed of .75 mph
speed with the current = 4.5
distance = 2(4.5) = 9
speed against current = 3
distance = 3(3) = 9
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