February 28, 2017

Homework Help: English

Posted by Henry2 on Sunday, January 22, 2012 at 3:21pm.

Thank you very much. Here is the second part I'd like you to check.

1) From his place Winston can read the three slogans of the Party: War is peace, freedom is slavery, ignorance is strength.
2) Each of these is of course either contradictory or the opposite of what we normally believe.
3) The slogans are analyzed in Goldstein’s book and embody the party. For instance, through constant war, the Party can keep domestic peace; when freedom is brought about, the people are enslaved to it, and the ignorance of the people is the strength of the Party.
4) This type of misuse of language is called doublethink. One consequence of doublethink is that the Party can rewrite history without impunity, for “The Party is never wrong”.
5) The keyword of doublethink is blackwhite. Like many Newspeak words, this word has two mutually contradictory meanings. Applied to an opponent, it means the habit of impudently claiming that black is white.
6) Applied to a Party member, it means a willingness to say that black is white but also the ability to believe that black is white foregetting forget that one has ever believed the contrary. This demands a continuous alteration of the past.
7) Can you help me explain why Orwell chose Winston as the name of his protagonist? His name has heroic connotation; his surname, however, makes him the man of the street, a sort of anti-hero. (Why his reference to Churchill??)

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