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physics

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In an arcade game a 0.142 kg disk is shot across a frictionless horizontal surface by compressing it against a spring and releasing it. If the spring has a spring constant of 174 N/m and is compressed from its equilibrium position by 8 cm, find the speed with which the disk slides across the surface. Answer in units of m/s

  • physics - ,

    Fs = 174 N/m * 0.08 m = 13.92 N. = Force of the spring.

    a = Fs/m = 13.92 / 0.142 = 98 m/s^2. =
    acceleration of the arcade game.

    d = at^2 = 0.08 m.
    98t^2 = 0.08,
    t^2 = 0.000816,
    t = 0.02857 s.

    V = at = 98 * 0.02857 = 2.8 m/s.

  • physics - ,

    Henry's equation d = at^2
    is not correct, but there may be a compensating error somewhere else, such as in assuming constant acceleration. I get the same answer, however.

    I prefer to use conservation of energy.

    Stored spring potential energy
    = kinetic energy when released

    (1/2) k d^2 = (1/2) m V^2
    V = d sqrt (k/m) = 0.08*sqrt(174/0.142)
    = 2.8 m/s

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