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With the declaration of the war, the Canadian government immediately became much more involved in the planning and and control of the economy. In April 1940, the government established the Department of Munitions and Supplies, and King appointed C.D Howe as its minister. Howe was given extraordinary authority to do whatever it took to gear up the economy to meet wartime demands. He told industries what to produce and how to produce it. In his direct, impatient manner, he convinced business leaders to manufacture goods they had never made before. Soon Vancouver was building ships for the navy, Montreal was constructing new planes and bombers such as the Lancaster, and Canada's car industries were producing military vehicles and tanks. Munitions factories opened in Ontario and Quebec. If the private sector was unable to produce what Howe wanted, he created Crown Corporations to do the job. Even farmers were told to produce more wheat, beef, dairy products, and other foods. Under Howe's leadership, the government ran telephone companies, refined fuel, stockpiled silk for parachutes, mined uranium, and controlled food production. This was the policy of total war, with Canadians willing to do whatever it took to defeat the enemy.


How did Canada's policy of total war change the economy? Why was the policy necessary?

I don't understand and I not find the answer

  • socials -

    They were manufacturing many more things for the war effort - things they had never made before: ships for the navy, new planes and bomberss, military vehicles and tanks, muni tions factories. Even farmers were producing more wheat, beef, dairy products and other foods for the war effort.

    Just read this carefully and you can't miss how the economy changed. Back to "supply and demand" because the war effort demanded much more manufacturing and so it was supplied.

    If you want to win a war, you do everything necessary!


  • socials -

    Thank you SraJMcGin you helped me lots very helpful you are. Thank you

    The policy was necessary because Canada wanted to win the war? They wanted to put a lot of contribution into it?

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