Posted by zoe on Monday, October 31, 2011 at 6:48am.
Double check my math, because it gets messy...
Break it into two intervals: [0,pi/4] and [pi/4,pi/2]
Int(sin x)[0,pi/4] + Int(cos x)[pi/4,pi/2]
= (-cos x)[0,pi/4] + (sin x)[pi/4,pi/2]
= 2-√2
This is the denominator in the formulas for xbar and ybar: D = 2-√2
Now for the numerators:
xbarn = Int(x sin x)[0,pi/4] + Int(x cos x)[pi/4,pi/2]
Recall that using integration by parts,
Int(x sin x) = -x cos x + sin x)
Int(x cos x) = x sin x + cos x)
If my math is right, xbarn = pi/4 * (2-√2)
So, xbar = xbarn/D = pi/4
Makes sense, since the area is symmetric about the line x = pi/4.
Now for ybar
ybarn = 1/2 Int(sin^2 x)[0,pi/4] + 1/2 Int(cos^2 x)[pi/4,pi/2]
Recall that
sin^2 x = (1 - cos(2x))/2
cos^2 x = (1 + cos(2x))/2
ybarn = 1/4 Int(1 - cos 2x)[0,pi/4] + 1/4 Int(1 + cos 2x)[pi/4,pi/2]
= 1/4 (x - 1/2 sin 2x)[0,pi/4] + 1/4 (x + 1/2 sin 2x)[pi/4,pi/2]
= 1/8 (pi-2)
So, ybar = ybarn/D = (pi-2)/(8*(2-√2))