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March 25, 2017

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A fence 4 feet tall runs parallel to a tall building at a distance of 6 feet from the building. What is the length of the shortest ladder that will reach from the ground over the fence to the wall of the building?

  • Calculus - ,

    Make a diagram
    let the foot of the ladder be x ft from the fence
    let the ladder reach y ft above the ground

    I see similar triangle so set up a ratio
    4/x = y/(x+6)
    xy = 4x+24
    y = (4x+24)/x

    let the length of the ladder be L
    L^2 = (x+6)^2 + y^2
    = (x+6)^2 + [(4x+24)/x]^2

    2L dL/dx = 2(x+6) + 2[(4x+24)/x] (x(4) - (4x+24))/x^2
    = 2(x+6) - 8(x+6)(-24)/x^3
    = 0 for a min of L

    2(x+6) - 192(x+6)/x^3 = 0
    times x^3
    2x^3(x+6) - 192(x+6) = 0
    2(x+6)(x^3 - 96) = 0
    x = -6 , which makes no sense
    or
    x = 96^(1/3) , (which is the cuberoot of 96)
    x = 4.57886
    sub back into L^2 = 197.3
    L = 14.05 m

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