Posted by Rachel on Tuesday, October 4, 2011 at 8:39pm.
A .1360 g sample of a mixture of magnesium and calcium carbonates when treated with HCL evolves 32.25 cm cubed of carbon dioxed measured dry at STP. Calculate the percent of magnesium carbonate in the mixutre.

Chemistry  DrBob222, Tuesday, October 4, 2011 at 10:54pm
I am going to show you how to do this problem using chemical factors to convert from one material to another. This isn't taught in classes anymore but it sure is convenient.
Let x = mass MgCO3
then y = mass CaCO3
===================
X + Y = 0.1360g
X(molar mass CO2/molar mass MgCO3) + Y(molar mass CO2/molar mass CaCO3) = (0.03225*44/22.4)
Solve the two equations simultaneously for X and Y (actually, X is all you need). Then %MgCO3 =(mass MgCO3/mass sample)*100 = ??
[Note: molar mass CO2/molar mass MgCO3 convert X(grams MgCO3) to grams CO2. Similarly, molar mass CO2/molar mass CaCO3 conerts Y(grams CaCO3) to grams CO2. Both of these are chemical factors. On the right hand side, the 32.25 cc converts to 0.03225L and that divided by 22.4 converts to moles CO2. That multiplied by 44 converts to grams CO2 so basically we have the equation 2 just grams CO2 in terms of X + grams CO2 in terms of Y = grams CO2 attained.
Answer This Question
Related Questions
 chemistry  A sample being given as a laboratory unknown is a mixture of calcium...
 Chemistry  Calcium carbonate is insoluble in water. Name two substances that ...
 Chemistry  I have 3 I don't understand how to do. A 33.2 g of iron ore is ...
 CHEMISTRY  A 2.800g mineral sample was analyzed for its calcium carbonate, ...
 Chem  What is the molarity (M) of an HCl solution, 150 ml of which when treated...
 science  1. what weight in grams of magnesium oxide will produce from burning ...
 Chemistry  a 110 g solid sample that is a mixture of CaCO3 and CaCl2 is reacted...
 Chemistry  What are the balanced equation for the following reactions: HCl and ...
 chemistry calculations  An ore sample with a mass of 670 kg contains 27.7% ...
 chemistry  Magnesium reacts with HCl to produce magnesium chloride and hydrogen...
More Related Questions