posted by Tisha on .
In Pavlov's classical conditioning experiments, the neutral stimulus that comes to elicit a conditioned reponse is known as the:
A) unconditioned stimulus
B) conditioned stimulus
C) reinforced stimulus
D) unreinforced stimulus
I believe the answer is A or B and am leaning more turns B but I am just so confused
Can someone please help?
In classical conditioning, the unconditoned stimulus (US) is one which reflexively causes a response. One example is putting something into your mouth causes salivation. In this case the unconditioned response (UR) is the response to a US presented alone, the salivation.
A conditioned stimulus (CS) originally has little or no effect. Only when the CS is repeatedly paired with a US (or previously learned CS) will it become a CS. A good example is the sound of a cellophane wrapper being opened. Originally it has little or no effect. However, after being repeatedly paired with eating candy or other foods, it alone will produce the conditioned response. The conditioned response (CR) is one given to the CS when presented alone.
Thanks, but still confused but I am going with Conditioned stimulus.