Thursday

April 24, 2014

April 24, 2014

Posted by **Ethan** on Wednesday, September 28, 2011 at 12:00am.

assuming that a quantity y changes at a rate of y' = xsinx, find by how much it will increase or decrease over 3pi/2 <= x <= 2pi

- calculus -
**Steve**, Wednesday, September 28, 2011 at 10:46amThis is just a problem in integrals. We have y', and we want to add up all the small changes given by that function.

Int[x sinx dx] can be solved using integration by parts.

Recall the product rule of derivatives:

(uv)' = u'v + uv'

so

uv' = (uv)' - u'v

Going the other direction,

Int[u dv] = uv - Int[v du]

So, we want to split up the integrand into two factors, where one part (u) gets simpler after differentiation, and the other part (dv) can be easily integrated.

Here, we have x sinx

If u = x, then du = dx

If dv = sinx, then v = -cosx

Int[x sinx dx] = uv - Int[v du]

= -x cosx - Int[-cos x * dx]

Now we have a simple integrand, -cosx

Int cos x dx = sin x

So, the final integration is

Int[x sinx dx] = uv - Int[v du]

= -x cosx - Int[-cos x * dx]

= -x cosx + sin x

Evaluating at 3pi/2 and 2pi, we have

(-2pi * 1 + 0) - (-3pi/2 * 0 + -1) = -2pi + 3pi/2 + 1 = 1 + 7pi/2

**Related Questions**

Please Help!!! - given the graph of f(x) = x sinx, 0<=x<=2pi assuming ...

calculus - given the graph of f(x) = x sinx, 0<=x<=2pi assuming that a ...

check math - Here are my answers. Can you check if I got the right answers? ...

calculus - 3. Let f be the function defined by f(x)=ln(2+sinx) for pi<=x<=...

CALCULUS BC - a particle moves on the x-axis in such a way that its position at ...

Trigonometry - Find all values of x such that sinx+sin2x=0 and 0 <= x <= ...

Calculus - The location of a dot P at a given time t in the x-y plane is given ...

grouping - i am trying to solve for A and B....this question comes from a ...

calculus - find the points on the graph of y=sec x, 0=<x<=2pi, where ...

Calculus - Suppose f(x)= e^(-1/x). Graph this function in the window -5(</=)x...