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March 26, 2017

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Car travels up hill at a constant speed of 50 km/h and returns down the hill at a constant speed of 65 km/h. Calculate the avg speed for the round trip in km/h.

  • Physics - ,

    Let's say the distance 2d is the total distance traveled. It is broken up into two parts. Time is distance divided by speed (km / km/hr = hr).

    So, the average velocity v over the whole distance 2d can be found by adding the times for the two halves of the trip

    2d/v = d/50 + d/65

    2/v = 1/50 + 1/65

    It's just a classic work problem in disguise

    2/v = 115/3250

    v = 2*3250/115 = 56.52 km/h

    Just to check, say the trip was 100 km

    at 50 km, that's 2 hrs
    at 65 km, that's 1.538 hrs.

    200 km at 56.52 km/h = 3.538 hrs, the sum of the uphill and downhill times.

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