Posted by Sazon on Wednesday, September 7, 2011 at 12:54am.
Combustion analysis, Empirical and Molecular formulas, help!?
When 2.686 grams of a hydrocarbon, CxHy, were burned in a combustion analysis apparatus, 9.224 grams of CO2 and 1.511 grams of H2O were produced.
In a separate experiment, the molar mass of the compound was found to be 128.2 g/mol. Determine the empirical formula and the molecular formula of the hydrocarbon.
Enter the elements in the order presented in the qustion.
chemistry - ALISON, Wednesday, September 7, 2011 at 1:42am
empirical formula is the smallest whole number ratio
molecular formula is the empirical doubled i believe.
chemistry - ALISON, Wednesday, September 7, 2011 at 1:47am
you would divide the grams of each molecule produced by the smallest ratio to find the subscripts.
chemistry - Dr Russ, Wednesday, September 7, 2011 at 6:10am
Start from a balanced equation
CxHy + (x+y/4)O2 -> xCO2 + y/2 H2O
so 1 mole of CxHy (molar mass 12x+y)produces
x mole of CO2 and
y/2 mole of H2O
2.686 g/(12x+y) moles
9.224/44 =x moles of CO2
1.511/18=y/2 moles of H2O
so the ratio is
Thus the empirical formula or the simplest formula is
for which molar mass is 64 g
we are told in the question that the molar mass is 128.2 g so the molecular formula (ie. the formula for one mole) must be C10H8, that is twice the empirical formula in this case.
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