December 2, 2015

Homework Help: Chemistry

Posted by Anonymous on Wednesday, August 10, 2011 at 1:15am.

I'm so confused as to how to even begin the problem and where to put whats given to me into an equation.

1) If the value of Kp is 0.5 for the distribution of a compound between pentane (solvent 2) and water (solvent 1), and equal volumes of the two solvents were used, how many extractions of the aqueous layer will be required to recover at least 90% of the compound?

2) Calculate the % of a compound that can be removed from liquid phase 1 by using ONE to FOUR extractions with a liquid phase 2. Assume that Kp = 2 and the volume of phase 2 equals to 50% that of phase 1.

3) A slightly polar organic compound distributes between diethyl ether and water with a partition coefficient equal to 3 (in favor of the ether). What simple method can be used to increase the partition coefficient? Explain.

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