Posted by Henry on Monday, August 8, 2011 at 5:20pm.
A) Calculate the hydrogenion concentration of a 5.45*10^4 M H2CO3, solution, noting that Ka is bigger than Kb.
B)What is the concentration of CO3^2?
after finding the concentration to A), do i use that concentration (M) as the initial M for CO3^2?
thanks in advnace

chemistry  DrBob222, Monday, August 8, 2011 at 8:00pm
To be honest I don't understand the caution in the problem. I also think the concn of the H2CO3 is so low that it may cause problems but it didn't have that much effect on the final calculation.
H2CO3 ==> H^+ + HCO3^
Set up an ICE chart, use k1 ONLY, (just think of it as a monoprotic acid and work the H^+ that way). It PROBABLY is a good idea to include the quadratic eqution and solve that.
[(H^+)(HCO3^)/(H2CO3(H^+)] = k1 which becomes
[(x)(x)/(H2CO3x)] = k1.
For part b, the trick here is to think of this diprotic acid as a monoprotic acid. Then (H^+) = (HCO3^)
Now look at k2 expression.
k2 = (H^+)(CO3^2)/(HCO3^)
BUT, if (H^+) = (HCO3^) then (H^+) in the numerator cancels with (HCO3^) in the denominator and k2 = (CO3^2)