Posted by **AfterLife** on Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:19pm.

a 9.50-g bullet. moving horizontally with an initial speed vi , embeds itself in a 1.45-kg pendulum bob that is initially at rest. The length of the pendulum is L=0.745m. After the collision, the pendulum swings to one side and comes to rest when it has gained a vertical height of 12.4 cm. Find the initial speed of the bullet.

- Physics -
**bobpursley**, Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:22pm
from the final height, the PE gained was

(m+M)gh (m is the bullet mass).

So the initial velocity of the bullet/block must be

1/2 (m+M)v^2=(m+M)gh or

V=sqrt(2gh)

Now the law of momentum conservation holds when the bullet hits the block

(m+M)V=mVi

(m+M)sqrt(2gh)=mVi

and solve for Vi

- Physics -
**AfterLife**, Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:30pm
Thanx ,, but I got something equals to 239.51 m/s .. and I don't think it is right ..

I did it like this

1/2 ( 0.0095 + 1.45 ) sqrt ( 2*9.8*0.124) = 0.0095 vi

- Physics -
**AfterLife**, Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:40pm
I got my mistake ,, thank you very much for the help :)

- Physics -
**AfterLife**, Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:41pm
No I didn't get it right :S ,, I did it like this exactly

( 0.0095 + 1.45 ) sqrt ( 2*9.8*0.124) = 0.0095 vi

- Physics -
**AfterLife**, Friday, August 5, 2011 at 2:55pm
Thanks the answer was right, I related it to the small mass and it made sense ,, I submitted it , and it was right

- Physics -
**Anonymous**, Monday, January 20, 2014 at 8:39pm
239.51

- Physics -
**Anonymous**, Monday, January 20, 2014 at 8:39pm
239.51m/s

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