posted by % ionization on .
What is the percent ionization of 0.025 M chlorous acid, HClO2 solution?
Ka HClO2 = 1.1*10^(-2)
What I did:
HClO2(aq) + H2O(l) -><-
ClO2(aq) + H3O(aq)
initial-change-end table results:
% ionization = (1.1*10^(-2))/(1.6*10^(-2))*100 = 69%
Two problems with what you did.
1. %ion = [(H3O^+)/0.025]*100 = ??
2. Your equation is set up correctly; i.e., x^2/(0.025-x) = Ka.
However, with Ka so large and (HClO2) so small, you MUST solve the quadratic equation. That is, you may not assume 0.025-x = 0.025.
3. I get 47.9% which rounds to 48% if you solve the quadratic and substitute into #1 above correctly.
thank you; I was pretty sure I couldn't assume x negligible for Ka but I thought that the test for negligibility was the same as the test for % ionization.