Posted by Lindsey on Saturday, July 9, 2011 at 8:03am.
7. With proper punctuation, (comma after señoras)it would be clear that you are speaking to them . C
8. Do you see the "te" which means you are using the informal or familiar? A
9. The first-name basis plus the tú means you need the familiar command. A
10. The answer IS C but it would be totally wrong without the required accents = esté & dé.
11. Again, first-name basis and "tus" signify the familiar command. C
Review again the difference between using the tú command versus usted/ustedes. Does your text use vosotros? If so, depending upon the age of the "chicas" another possibility is A.
oh thank you! one more question: for 9. if it is the familiar command aren't i supposed to take comer drop the -er and add the opposite ending so it becomes coma? so shouldn't the answer be C?
No. Here's why.
For the familiar tú command, with a regular verb -ar, -er, -ir, the command looks EXACTLY like the 3rd person singular of the Present Indictive tense. And, here's why the comma is so important in direct address.
1. Ana come el desayuno ahora.
This is the 3rd person singular of the Present Indicative Tense, saying: "Ana eats, does eat, is eating breakfast now."
2. Ana, come el desayuno ahora.
This is the familiar tú command BUT note the comma after Ana, signifying that I am talking TO HER and says: "Ana, EAT breakfast now."
See the difference? See how close they are?
Now the formal or usted command IS what h appens when I use the "opposite" vowel. That means an -ar verb uses e while an -er or -ir verb uses the theme vowel a
Let me take 3 iregular verbs and walk them through the familiar affirmative command and then the familiar negative command plus the usted & ustedes commands, whether affirmative or negative.
hablar (tú) = habla, no hables
(ud) = hable, no hable
(uds.) = hablen, no hablen
comer (tú) = come, no comas
(ud) = coma, no coma
(uds.) = coman, no coman
vivir (tú) = vive, no vivas
(ud) = viva, no viva
(uds.) = vivan, no vivan
It is the tú familiar AFFIRMATIVE command that is "out of step." All the other commands are actually the same form as the Present Subjunctive (when you get to it!) I don't want to give y ou too much, too soon!
Oh!!! I understand now! Wow, that really cleared it up for me! Muchas gracias Sra! This will really help me with the rest of my class.
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