Tuesday
September 16, 2014

Homework Help: Grammar

Posted by Angelina on Friday, June 10, 2011 at 7:08pm.

***I know that the identifying is correct just need to make sure the final paragraph is grammatically correct and makes since.

Review the four paragraphs below. There is one paragraph matching each of the following types: summary, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Once you have read each paragraph, complete the following chart to identify the type of paragraph for each. Then write a 100 word paragraph explaining why they are what you think they are.

Paragraph Number Type of Paragraph
1 Evaluation
2 Summary
3 Synthesis
4 Analysis


1. Alice Axia’s article discussed overlooked tax deductions. It talked about some of the most commonly missed deductions. Whereas her use of statistics seemed to bolster her arguments, it would have been nice to see her elaborate more about the specific deductions missed. She could have talked about what recourse, if any, a filer would have once he or she realized there was an overlooked deduction. She also should have focused more on why the deductions were overlooked, as that would have made the article more effective.

2. Alice Axia informs us of ways in which we can reduce our tax obligations in any given year. Based on studies she cited, there were cases in which some tax filers were unaware of various deductions they were eligible to claim. In some cases, those deductions would have saved the tax filers hundreds or even thousands of dollars. Some of the common missed deductions, according to Alice Axia, were the mortgage deduction, the energy efficiency deduction, and the charitable donation deduction.

3. In “Unclaimed Deductions,” Alice Axia wrote about the most commonly overlooked deductions when filing a 1040 tax return. She provided information about the total number of missed deductions. In a separate article, titled “The Challenges of Estimating Tax Revenue,” Phyllis Phoenix talked about a number of reasons why estimated tax revenue may be a challenge. She did not discuss the points made by Ms. Axia. It is possible that much of the difference between tax revenue received and estimated tax revenue may be explained by looking at the additional revenue generated by overlooked deductions.

4. When reading Alice Axia’s article, “Unclaimed Deductions,” there are a few key points made that are worthy of further consideration. The first point is that the rules for deductions change from year to year. This leads to the second point, that those changes are not always as effectively communicated as they could be. These two points lead us to better understand why there are many unclaimed tax deductions each year.




All four of the paragraphs that was given in this week’s assignment is a different type of paragraph all based off a particular article. Paragraph one is an evaluation because an evaluation is an informed judgment about a reading. An evaluation also considers the reading by itself as well as what else the writer has learned about the topic. In paragraph one it states writing that the writer could have added to the reading to make it more efficient. For example, the last sentence states “She also should have focused more on why the deductions were overlooked, as that would have made the article more effective.” The second paragraph is summary because a summary is a shorter version of a piece of writing. A summary only mentions the main points as well as the support for the main points it is also in the writers own words. The second paragraph shows the main points of the main article also facts to support the main points. For example, the last sentence of the second paragraph states “Some of the common missed deductions, according to Alice Axia, were the mortgage deduction, the energy efficiency deduction, and the charitable donation deduction.” The third paragraph is a synthesis because a synthesis takes information from two or more sources and makes a new point that has not already been mentioned. In paragraph, three the writer compares to different sources based on one topic and adds his/her own ideas into the mix. For example, the third sentence of the paragraph states”. In a separate article, titled “The Challenges of Estimating Tax Revenue,” Phyllis Phoenix talked about a number of reasons why estimated tax revenue may be a challenge.” None of the other paragraphs mentions another article where the third one does mention another article to compare. The fourth paragraph is an analysis because an analysis shows point of a particular piece of writing and it reflects how each piece relates to one another. In addition, in some analysis the writer may focus only on one particular point. In paragraph four, the writer takes two different points from the main article and shows the link between the two different points. For example, the last sentence of paragraph four states “These two points lead us to better understand why there are many unclaimed tax deductions each year.” This shows how the writer linked together two different points. Therefore, each paragraph of the assignment shows the different types of paragraphs.

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