Friday
May 24, 2013

# Homework Help: chemistry

Posted by Ana on Saturday, April 2, 2011 at 11:55pm.

calculate the OH- concentration in (a) 1.0M NH3 and (b) a solution that is 1.0M in NH3 and also 1.0M in NH4Cl. (Kb = 1.8 x 10^-5 for NH3)

• chemistry - DrBob222, Sunday, April 3, 2011 at 12:09am

NH3 + H2O ==> NH4+ + OH^-

Kb = (NH4^+)(OH^-)/(NH3)
(NH4^+) = x
(OH^-) = x
(NH4) = 1.0M
Solve for x = (OH^-)

b) Same set up but (NH4^+) = x + 1.0
(OH^-) = x
(NH3) = 1.0-x
This will be a quadratic but you can simplify it by assuming x is so small as to be negligible so x+1.0 = 1.0 and 1.0-x = 1.0. I don't think this will make much difference in the answer but it makes it a bit easier to solve.
Of if you've had the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation you may use that since the NH4Cl/NH3 is a buffered solution.

• chemistry - Ana, Sunday, April 3, 2011 at 12:11am

thank you!

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