The differential equation that governs the forced oscillation is shown below:
0.2 d²y/dt² + 1.2 dy/dt +2y = r(t) where r(t) is the external force.
Given that r(t) = 5 cos 4t with y(0) = 0 . find the equation of motion of the forced oscillations
Differential equations-missing one initial condition - MathMate, Monday, March 14, 2011 at 8:57am
Normalize the equation by multiplying by 5:
0.2 d²y/dt² + 1.2 dy/dt +2y = 5 cos(4t) = r(t)
d²y/dt² + 6 dy/dt + 10y = 25cos(4t)
Find the complementary solution:
So the solution to the homogeneous equation is:
Now find the particular solution by undetermined coefficients:
Assume the particular solution to be:
and substitute in y of the the original equation:
d²yp/dt² + 6 dyp/dt + 10yp = 25cos(4t)
Compare coefficients of cos(4t) and sin(4t):
-24A-6B=0 => B=-4A
-6A+24B=25 => -102A=25 => A=-25/102
(substitute in homogeneous equation to verify that you get 25cos(4t) )
The general solution is therefore:
To solve the second order problem completely, you'll need two initial conditions. We are givn y(0)=0 at t=0.
We need another one (such as y'(0)=5 at t=0).
Substitute the initial conditions into the general solution above and solve for C1 and C2 to give the final solution of the initial value problem.