posted by shasha on .
Experimentally it is found that a 6 kg weight stretches a certain spring 6 cm. If the weight is pulled 4 cm below the equilibrium position and released:
a. Set up the differential equation and associated conditions describing the motion.
b. Find the position of the weight as a function of time.
c. Find the amplitude, period, and frequency of motion
d. Determine the position, velocity and acceleration of the weight 0.5s after it has been released.
A 0.25 kg mass is horizontally attached to a spring with a stiffness 4 N/m. The damping constant b for the system is 1 N-sec/m. If the mass is displaced 0.5 m to the left and given an initial velocity of 1 m/sec to the left, find the equation of motion. What is the maximum displacement that the mass will attain?
The standard differential equation of motion is:
x" is the second derivative with respect to time of displacement, x
x' is the first derivative
f(t)=applied external force
For the given case,
x(0)=0.04 (note: we use the convention positive downwards)
So substitute the quantities to equation 1:
6x"+981x=0 .... (1a)
m=±12.79i => α=a=0, β=b=12.79
So solution to equation (1a)
x=C1 cos(bt)+C2 sin(bt)
Apply initial conditions:
x(0)=0.04 = C1(1)+C2(0) => C1=0.04
x'(0)=0 = C1(0)+C2*b(1) => C2=0/b=0
Therefore C1=0.04, C2=0, or
x'(t) = d(x(t))/dt = -12.79*0.04sin(12.79t)=-0.511sin(12.79t)
I will leave it to you to answer parts (c) and (d).
Q2 has been answered previously, see:
thanxxxxx...what is * stand for??
If f(x) is a function, then f'(x)=dy/dx.
If the independent variable is known or understood (often either x or t), then
y'=dy/dx or dy/dt, depending on the context.
In this case, the independent variable understood is t, so x(t) is the function, x' stands for x'(t)=dx/dt, and x" stands for x"(t)=d²x/dt².
i still don't get it the answer for question 1, c and d..can u give me the answer please..