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December 20, 2014

December 20, 2014

Posted by **michele** on Wednesday, March 2, 2011 at 12:43pm.

geometry software program, a student notices that the diagonals of a

parallelogram seem to bisect each other. The student conjectures

that this statement is true for all parallelograms. Which of the

following would be the most reasonable next step for the student to

take to evaluate the validity of this conjecture? My chooses are as followed.

A. Try to find more examples supporting the conjecture.

B. Try to find a counterexample to the conjecture.

C. Try to prove the conjecture using mathematical induction.

D. Try to generalize the conjecture to apply to other

quadrilaterals.

- math -
**MathMate**, Wednesday, March 2, 2011 at 2:16pmTo evaluate the validity of a conjecture would require one of the following:

1. Mathematically prove that the conjecture is correct,

2. provide a counter-example to prove that the conjecture is incorrect.

The first case applies to believers, and the second to non-believers.

More examples do not provide mathematical proof, for example:

Conjecture:

"(2^p)-1 is prime if p is prime".

Examples:

2^2-1=3 (prime)

2^3-1=7 (prime)

More examples:

2^5-1=31 (prime)

2^7-1=127 (prime)

BUT:

2^11-1=2047 = 23*89

Even though more examples do not prove the conjecture, there are merits of taking this option. In the search for more examples,*perhaps*the student will come across counter-examples, in which case the conjecture will be proven invalid.

(read more about Mersene primes here:

(Broken Link Removed)

Mathematical induction applies very well in number theory where we can establish a proof based on known examples that are discrete, or in steps such as integers. To me, this particular problem requires a geometric proof.

Generalizing the conjecture would require that the conjecture is established (or proved) for the case of parallelograms.

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