Show that the equation x^3-15x+c=0 has at most one root in the interval [-2,2].
calc - MathMate, Tuesday, March 1, 2011 at 9:51am
For f(x) to have at most one root on [-2,2], it must be strictly increasing or decreasing on that interval.
So let's examine f'(x) on the interval [-2,2].
Absolute maximum on [-2,2] is when x=±2, f'(x)=4-15=-11
Absolute minimum on [-2,2] is when x=0, f'(x)=-15.
Therefore f'(x) is negative on [-2,2], therefore strictly decreasing. Under these circumstances, f(x) can have at most one zero (root).
calc - Peter, Saturday, December 3, 2016 at 10:38pm
Thank you for your answer!!! My solution manual use Roll's theorem to solve it and I cannot understand it at all.
Your f'(2) and f'(-2) should equal -3 tho.