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August 20, 2014

August 20, 2014

Posted by **Sally** on Sunday, February 27, 2011 at 12:05pm.

What is fraction of the liquid that needs to be put in the graduated cylinder such that the liquid height is the same in the beaker

and graduated cylinder?

- Chemistry (Math) -
**DrBob222**, Sunday, February 27, 2011 at 5:27pmThe area of the graduated cylinder (g) floor = pi*5*5 = 25*pi.

Th area of the beaker (b) floor is 5*5 = 25.

(Area)g/(Area)b = 25*pi/25 = pi

Since the area of the graduated cylinder is larger than that of the beaker, the volume poured into the graduated cylinder must be pi times volume of that poured into the beaker.

Let x = volume poured into the beaker, then 80-x = volume poured into the graduated cylinder, and

pi*x = 80-x

Solve for x, then x/80 = fraction.

I get x = about 19 and 80-x = about 61.

Check and solve for h for grad cyl = pi*r^2*h and

solve for h for beaker from V= 25*h; i.e.,

h = Vg/pi*25 = about 0.8

h = Vb/25 = about 0.8

You can do it more accurately. Check my work. I'm not a math man. Perhaps Reiny or Mathmate will check it for us.

- Chemistry (Math) -
**Sally**, Sunday, February 27, 2011 at 6:06pmThanks! I understand what you are doing. Just one question: how did you get 80?

- Chemistry (Math) -
**Sally**, Sunday, February 27, 2011 at 6:13pmAlso, Is the height of the liquid in the cube beaker less than or greater than 1 cm? This was a follow up question. Since, the answer is 0.8. This would be less than, correct?

- Chemistry (Math) -
**DrBob222**, Sunday, February 27, 2011 at 7:16pmThe actual values I came up with were 19.316 mL and 60.684 mL (although that is far too many significant figures).

height = volume/pi*25 for graduated cylinder

height = 60.694/25*pi = 0.773 cm height.

height = volume/25 for cubic beaker = 19.316/25 =0.773 cm height.

I rounded those in my first post to 19/25 = 0.76 which is about 0.8 and

61/pi*25 = 0.78 whichis about 0.8.

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