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March 6, 2015

March 6, 2015

Posted by **A-A** on Thursday, February 17, 2011 at 2:42am.

using the mathematical induction.

please help..

- math induction -
**MathMate**, Thursday, February 17, 2011 at 9:10am1(2)+2(3)+3(4)+...+n(n+1)= n(n+1)(n+2)/

**3**

(Note: The denominator is 3, not 2)

Basis: n=1

1(2)=2

1(2)(3)/3=2

n=1 is valid.

Assume:

1(2)+2(3)+3(4)+...+k(k+1)= k(k+1)(k+2)/3

is valid for k=n

then try to prove that the relation is valid for k=n+1.

1(2)+2(3)+3(4)+...+n(n+1) + (n+1)(n+2)

= n(n+1)(n+2)/3 + (n+1)(n+2)

= ( n(n+1)(n+2)+3(n+1)(n+2) )/3

= ( n^3+6*n^2+11*n+6 )/3

= (n+1)(n+2)(n+3)/3

= (n+1)*(n+1 +1)*(n+1 +2)/3

which means that the expression is valid also for n+1. QED

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