Pat Kan owns a factory that manufactures souvenir key chains. Her weekly profit (in hundreds of dollars) is given by P(x)=-2x^2+60x-120, where x is the number of cases of key chains sold.
a) what is the largest number of cases she can sell and still make a point?
b) Explain how it is possible for her to lose money if she sells more cases than your answer in part (a)
I've been doing this problem since lastnite and i couldn;t figure out the answer. someone help me please? ireally need to learn how to solve this kind of problem. midterm is coming :[
MAth - Reiny, Thursday, February 10, 2011 at 11:15pm
I don't know what level of math you are taking, is it Calculus?
if you find the vertex (by Calculus or completing the square), you should have had (15, 330)
which means that if she sells 15 cases she makes a maximum profit of 330.
Your function is a parabola which opens downwards, so any other value besides x=15 would produce a smaller value than 330
this parabola crosses the x-axis at appr. 2.1 and 27.8
so it is positive for number of cases between 3 and 27 cases.
For any other number of cases, P(x) would be negative.
e.g. let x = 30 cases
P(30) = -120
MAth - anonymous, Thursday, February 10, 2011 at 11:26pm
thanks for the help really appreciate it! im taking business math. anyway, how did you find out that the parabola crosses the x-axis at appro. 2.1 and 27.8? and how did you come up with 27 cases?
sorry for asking a lotta questions. i just want to understand this problem.
MAth - Reiny, Friday, February 11, 2011 at 7:29am
Sorry about not answering last night, but had gone to bed.
0 = -2x^2+60x-120 using the quadratic formula
since x has to be a whole number, 3 and 27 would be the first and last whole numbers for which the parabola is above the x-axis, that is , for which P is positive.
Try subbing in x = 28 and x = 2, you will get a negative value for P.