Posted by hussain on Sunday, January 30, 2011 at 10:35pm.
A dam 15 m high holds the water in reservoir . For safety reasons , the water level is maintained at a height 3 m below the top of the dam. At best of the dam , engineers have installed a vertical door in the shape of an equilateral triangle with sides of length 3 m , calculate the total hydrostatic force on the door. your solution must be clear and complete. you must define clearly in words each of the variables used and indicate their meaning on a digram . the density of water is p = 1000 kg/mˆ3. and the acceleration due to gravity is g= 9.8 m/sˆ2.

calculus  MathMate, Sunday, January 30, 2011 at 11:23pm
You will need to set up the expression for the pressure, and then proceed to integrate the expression throughout the height of the door.
We also have to assume that the door is at the base of the dam, and that the base of the triangular door is at the bottom of the dam.
We will denote elevation from the bottom of the dam by y, so that the water level is at y=153=12m.
The width w of the triangular door is diminishing with h, such that at y=0, w=3, and at y=top of the door h= 3√3/2, w=0.
Thus the width as a function of height is
w(y)=3(hy)/h (in m) for 0<y<h
The hydrostatic pressure at an elevation y from the bottom is p(y)=ρg(Hy) (in N/m²)
The total hydrostatic force on a horizontal strip of door of height dy is therefore p(y)*w(y)dy
The total hydrostatic force for the whole door
= ∫pressure&dA
= ∫p(y)*w(y)dy for y=0 to h.
I get 425230 N. (to the nearest 10 N)
Answer This Question
Related Questions
 Physics  A circular dam has a radius of 10.0 m and a height of 3.0 m. Of the ...
 Fluid Mechanics  a masonry dam 7m high has a top width of 1.5 metres and bottom...
 maths  a dam holds 13.5 megalitres of wate when full. If water flows from the ...
 trigonometry  From a boat on the river below a dam, the angle of elevation to ...
 science  The Hoover dam is a hydroelectric power plant that converts the energy...
 Science Physics  The Hoover Dam is 726 ft high. Find the potential energy of 1....
 Physics  A dam 143 m above a hydroelectric generator holds 1.6 x 1015 L of ...
 Arithmetic  The Gardiner dam located 100 km south of Saskatoon is largest earth...
 physics 2  A reservoir dam holds an 8 km2 lake behind it. Just behind the dam, ...
 physics  One kg of water is moving 2 m/s as it goes over a dam. At the base of ...
More Related Questions